文章摘要
章新益,孙永彬,王诜,王瑞军,李存金,李启亮.北京市延庆地区水泉沟村车道沟泥石流发育特征及动力学研究[J].矿产勘查,2021,12(2):461-469
北京市延庆地区水泉沟村车道沟泥石流发育特征及动力学研究
Development characteristics and dynamics of debris flow in Chedaogou of Shuiquangou village, Yanqing District, Beijing
投稿时间:2020-02-20  
DOI:
中文关键词: 泥石流发育特征  动力学特征  最大危险区预测  水泉沟村车道沟  延庆地区  北京市
英文关键词: debris flow development characteristics, dynamic characteristics,prediction of the most dangerous area,Chedaogou of Shuiquangou Yanqing area, Beijing
基金项目:北京市延庆区泥石流沟精细调查与评价项目(编号:0747-1761SITCN426-4)资助。
作者单位
章新益 核工业航测遥感中心,河北 石家庄 050002
东华理工大学,江西 南昌 330013
河北省航空探测与遥感技术重点实验室,河北 石家庄 050002 
孙永彬 核工业航测遥感中心,河北 石家庄 050002 
王诜 核工业航测遥感中心,河北 石家庄 050002 
王瑞军 核工业航测遥感中心,河北 石家庄 050002 
李存金 核工业航测遥感中心,河北 石家庄 050002 
李启亮 核工业航测遥感中心,河北 石家庄 050002 
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中文摘要:
      本文以北京市延庆地区水泉沟村车道沟泥石流沟为研究对象,通过泥石流精细调查及资料统计,研究该泥石流发育特征和形成条件,在分析流域内松散堆积物补给特征的基础上,综合研究了该泥石流的动力学特征,进而开展泥石流危险区预测评价,提出相应的防治措施建议。研究结果表明:该泥石流沟内可参与泥石流活动的松散堆积物动储量为20.79×104m3,分为冲洪积、残坡积、人工堆积和崩滑塌等4种补给来源,其中人工堆积所占比重最大;经动力学分析,洪峰流量值在10年一遇的降雨条件下为17.03m3/s,20年一遇的降雨条件下为19.21m3/s,50年一遇的降雨条件下为22.10m3/s,100年一遇的降雨条件下为24.28m3/s,一次固体冲出总量分别为0.55×104m3、0.63×104m3、0.72×104m3、0.79×104m3,属于小型泥石流,最大危险区面积为0.2763km2。通过评价分析,该泥石流沟仍存在爆发小型泥石流的可能性,将对下游车道沟村以及行车和行人的生命财产安全造成威胁。研究成果可为延庆地区该类泥石流单沟预警模型研究和灾害防治提供科学依据。
英文摘要:
      In this paper, the debris flow gully in Chedaogou of Shuiquangou village, Yanqing District, Beijing is taken as the research object. According to detailed investigation and data statistics of debris flow, the development characteristics and formation conditions of debris flow are studied. Based on the analysis of the characteristics of the supply of loose deposits in the basin, the dynamic characteristics of debris flow are studied comprehensively, the prediction and evaluation of debris flow risk areas are carried out, and the corresponding suggestions for prevention and control measures are put forward. The results show that the dynamic reserves of loose deposits that can participate in debris flow activities in the debris flow gully are 20.79×104m3, which can be divided into four kinds of supply sources, i.e. alluvial-diluvial, eluvial-colluvial, artificial accumulation and collapses and landslides, among which the proportion of artificial accumulation is the largest; Based on dynamic analysis, the peak flow value is 17.03 m3/s under the condition of once-in-10-year rainfall,19.21 m3/s under the condition of once-in-20-year rainfall, 22.10 m3/s under the condition of once-in-50-year rainfall, and 24.28 m3/s under the condition of once-in-100-year rainfall. The total amount of one-time solid flushing is 0.55×104 m3, 0.63×104 m3, 0.72×104 m3 and 0.79×104 m3 respectively. It belongs to small debris flow, and the area of the most dangerous area is 0.2763 km2. Through the evaluation and analysis, there stillexists the possibility of small-scale debris flow in the gully, which will threaten the life and property safety, as well as the traffic and pedestrians in the downstream of Chedaogou village. The research results can provide scientific basis for the research of early warning model and disaster prevention and control for debris flow of this kind in Yanqing area.
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