文章摘要
方维萱,王寿成,贾润幸,李天成,王磊,郭玉乾.大比例尺构造岩相学填图理论创新、技术研发与发展方向[J].矿产勘查,2021,12(7):1488-1518
大比例尺构造岩相学填图理论创新、技术研发与发展方向
Theoretical innovation, technology research and development, and frontiers on large-scale mapping of tectonic lithofacies
投稿时间:2021-05-28  
DOI:
中文关键词: 国家需求  构造岩相学  地球化学岩相学  研究进展  发展方向  生态环境资源
英文关键词: national demands  techonic lithofacies  geochemical lithofacies  achievement  frontiers  ecological environment and resource
基金项目:本文受自然资源部公益性行业专项科研项目(201511016-1)、科技支撑计划项目“东川-易门铜矿山深部及外围勘查技术研究”(2006BAB01B090)、科技部转制科研院所技术开发研究专项(2011EG115022)联合资助。
作者单位
方维萱 有色金属矿产地质调查中心北京 100012
有色金属矿产地质调查中心矿山生态环境资源创新实验室北京 100012 
王寿成 有色金属矿产地质调查中心北京 100012 
贾润幸 有色金属矿产地质调查中心北京 100012
有色金属矿产地质调查中心矿山生态环境资源创新实验室北京 100012 
李天成 有色金属矿产地质调查中心北京 100012
有色金属矿产地质调查中心矿山生态环境资源创新实验室北京 100012 
王磊 有色金属矿产地质调查中心北京 100012
有色金属矿产地质调查中心矿山生态环境资源创新实验室北京 100012 
郭玉乾 有色金属矿产地质调查中心北京 100012
有色金属矿产地质调查中心矿山生态环境资源创新实验室北京 100012 
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中文摘要:
      国家社会需求是构造岩相学创新技术研发和理论创新的动力源泉,构造岩相学填图技术研发过程推动了理论创新实现,逐渐形成了“五步式”研发范式为:解剖建相与技术研发→应用试验和深度研发→示范应用和理论创新→推广示范和普适验证→集成创新和融合建模。经对盆山原镶嵌构造区重要金属成矿盆地进行基底构造层(前盆地期)、成盆期、盆地改造期、盆内岩浆叠加期、盆地表生变化期与成岩相系的构造岩相学和地球化学岩相学综合研究,取得主要进展为:建立了沉积盆地内成岩相系划分新方案,创建了盆地构造变形史研究新方法,揭示了构造 -岩浆 -热事件形成机制,创建了复杂叠加成矿系统的构造岩相学解析研究方法技术,提出了“还原性流体成矿与预测”新理论,将塔西盆山原镶嵌构造区砂砾岩型铜铅锌成矿系统划分为三个成矿亚系统,开拓了盆山原镶嵌构造区研究的新领域。在回顾前期大比例尺构造岩相学填图创新技术研发和理论创新研究基础上,认为聚焦于矿山和金属矿集区的生态环境资源等国家需求,探索构造岩相学与深部地球物理等多学科综合探测和融合预测建模、基于人工智能与大数据平台技术进行创新技术研发和理论创新研究等是今后主要发展方向。
英文摘要:
      Demands of the nation and society are the forcing source for theoretical innovation, technology research and development on mapping of tectonic lithofacies. Moreover, theoretical innovation hse been achieved during the technology research and development on mapping of tectonic lithofacies. Then, R&D paradigm of the five-step-norms has been established as from the followings, normal lithofacies of dissection-modelling, tentative application and R&D focusing, demonstrating application and theoretical innovation, popularing demonstration and veri.cation of universality, integrated innovation and syncretic modeling. Tectonic lithofacies and geochemical lithofacies on the layers of the basement structure (pre-basin stage), the stage of basin formation, the stage of basin deformation, the stage of basin-in magmatic superimposing, the stage of basin with supergene variation, and their di.erent series of the diagenetic lithofacies have been carried out in important metallogenic basin and in the mosaic structure of basin-orogen-plateau. Achievements of main progress are as the followings. First, new classification scheme of the different series of the diagenetic lithofacies in basins was established. Second, a new method for the history of basin deformation had been put forward in order to uncover the formation mechanism for tectonic-magmatic-thermal events in basins. Third, comprehensive dissection-modelling methods of tectonic lithofacies for complex mineral systems were performed. Final, a new theory on hydrocarbon-rich metallogenic .uids with reductibility and predication was put forward, and the mineral system of the glutenite-type Cu-Pb-Zn-U deposits at the Western of Tarim Basin, therefore, a pioneer frontier for the mosaic structure of basin-orogen-plateau was been exploited. Based on reviews on the previous theoretical innovation, technology research and development on mapping of tectonic lithofacies, it is to be focused on safety of the ecological environment and resource in mines and meals concentrated-area, and to meet key demands of nation-society. It is urgent to probe on depth-in detection and syncretic models by tectonic lithofacies with multidisciplinary, while articial intelligence and big-data-platform technology is to aplly to theoretical innovation, technology research and development on mapping of tectonic lithofacies.
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