文章摘要
王磊,方维萱,刘增仁,鲁佳.新疆乌恰康苏地区典型小流域生态景观及生态环境研究[J].矿产勘查,2021,12(7):1679-1687
新疆乌恰康苏地区典型小流域生态景观及生态环境研究
Study on ecological landscape and ecological environment of typical small watershed in Kangsu region, Xinjiang
投稿时间:2021-07-01  
DOI:
中文关键词: 流域  生态景观  生态环境  评价  新疆
英文关键词: river basin  ecological landscape  ecological environment  evaluation  Xinjiang
基金项目:本文受中国地质调查局公益性项目(20170418)和国土资源部行业公益性科研专项(201511016-1)联合资助。
作者单位
王磊 有色金属矿产地质调查中心矿山生态环境资源创新实验室北京 100012 
方维萱 有色金属矿产地质调查中心矿山生态环境资源创新实验室北京 100012 
刘增仁 有色金属矿产地质调查中心新疆地质调查所乌鲁木齐 650000 
鲁佳 有色金属矿产地质调查中心矿山生态环境资源创新实验室北京 100012 
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中文摘要:
      新疆乌恰康苏地区是塔里木盆地西南缘重要的大型有色金属资源基地之一,本次通过康苏地区典型小流域生态景观及生态环境研究,将研究区划分为水源涵养功能区、荒漠化控制功能区、水土保持功能区、水域河流功能区、城镇功能区、农业功能区和资源基地功能区等 7个生态功能区。在水土调查评价的基础上,确定资源基地敏感因素缓冲区范围 750~1000 m。结合地质环境特征,将研究区划分为 1处鼓励开发区、 3处限制开发区和 6处禁止开采区。该项工作为当地政府矿业开发与生态环境保护提供了决策依据。
英文摘要:
      Kangsu area is important base of large non-ferrous metal resources of Southwestern Tarim basin in Xinjiang, Kangsu area typical small watershed ecological landscape research, the study area is divided into functional areas of water conservation, deserti.cation control function, function of soil and water conservation, river water function areas, urban functional areas, agriculture and so on seven functional areas, resource base function ecological function areas. On the basis of soil and water investigation and evaluation, the bu.er zone of sensitive factors in the resource base is determined to be 750~1000 m. According to the characteristics of geological environment, the study area is divided into 1 encouraged development area, 3 restricted development area and 6 prohibited mining area. It provides decision-making basis for local government to develop mining industry and protect ecological environment.
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